Gujarat is the westernmost state of India. It is bounded by the Arabian Sea to the west and southwest, and Pakistan to the north. The state of Rajasthan is to the northeast, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and Maharashtra and the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the south and southeast of Gujarat.
Climate & Natural Features
The relief is low in the most parts of the state and involves diverse climate conditions. Though mostly dry, it is desertic in the north-west, and wet in the southern districts due to heavy monsoon season. With the construction of Sardar Sarovar on Narmada River, a result of the largest dam in India, irrigation facilities have improved immensely, with water being provided to the most dry areas of Kutch and Saurashtra through a 550 km long canal, an engineering marvel. With the Gulf of Kutch and the Gulf of Cambay, Gujarat has about 1600 km of coastline, which is the longest coastline of all Indian states.
Rivers of Gujarat
The major rivers flowing through the state include the Narmada, Sabarmati, and Mahi in central and northern Gujarat; Mithi, Khari, Bhadar, Shetrunji and Bhogavo in Saurashtra;Narmada,Tapi, Purna, Ambika, Auranga and Damanganga in the southern part of the state.
A number of large dams has been built in Gujarat over last 30-35 years, many of them partly funded by the World Bank. These dams were built with the promise of irrigation, power generation, enhanced food production and other benefits. The major Dams flowing throuth the state inclue the Narmada River,Tapi, Mahi, Damanganaga, Dantiwada- Sipu Dams, Sabarmati, Indrasee Hatmati, Wanakbori.
Gujarat is home to four National Parks, including Gir Forest National Park, near Junagadh, Blackbuck National Park in Bhavnagar District, Vansda National Park in Navsari District, and Marine National Park on the Gulf of Kutch in Jamnagar District. The last remaining Asian lions, famous for their dark black manes, live in the area surrounding Girnar. In addition to these, there are twenty one Wildlife sanctuaries.
Map of GujaratThe major cities in Gujarat are Ahmedabad, Vadodara (Baroda), Surat, Rajkot, Bhavnagar, Jamnagar and Junagadh. Gandhinagar is the capital of Gujarat. Ahmedabad, the commercial capital of the state, is the sixth largest city of India. It is famous for its enterprising people. Surat is ninth largest city of India and also known as the diamond city. Vadodara is also known as a cultural city and is the most cosmopolitan city in Gujarat. Other important cities include Nadiad, Anand and Ankleshwar in central Gujarat, Bharuch, Navsari, Vapi, and Valsad in the south; and Bhuj, Mundra (Kutch) and Surendranagar, Morbi, Dwarka in Saurastra in the west.